An Agreement Enforceable by Law Is a Contract Discuss the Essential Elements of a Valid Contract

An agreement enforceable by law is commonly known as a contract. A contract refers to an agreement made between two or more parties, which is legally binding and enforceable by law. To establish a valid contract, several essential elements must be included. In this article, we will discuss the essential elements of a valid contract.

Offer and Acceptance

The first and most fundamental element of any valid contract is an offer made by one party and acceptance of the offer by the other party. An offer is a proposal made by one party to another, expressing their willingness to enter into a contract. Acceptance refers to the other party`s agreement to the terms of the offer. Without an offer and acceptance, there cannot be a valid contract.


Consideration refers to the exchange of something of value between the parties involved in the contract. It is an essential element in any valid contract because it shows that each party is giving something in exchange for something else. This exchange can be monetary or non-monetary, but there must be some form of value provided by each party for the contract to be valid.

Capacity to Contract

Capacity to contract refers to the legal ability of the parties involved in the contract to enter into the agreement. It means that each party must have the legal capacity to make decisions and must not be under duress, undue influence, or coercion. The parties must also be of legal age and have the necessary mental capacity to understand the terms of the contract.

Legal Purpose

A valid contract must be made for a legal purpose. This means that the subject matter of the agreement must not be illegal or against public policy. A contract made for an illegal purpose is not enforceable in a court of law.

Free Consent

Free consent is another critical element in a valid contract. It means that the parties involved must enter into the agreement willingly and freely, without any pressure or fear of coercion or duress.


A valid contract must be clear and specific. All the terms of the agreement must be well-defined and easily understood by all parties involved. The language used in the contract must be precise and unambiguous, leaving no room for interpretation.


In conclusion, a valid contract is an essential agreement that must be carefully crafted and executed. The elements mentioned above, namely offer and acceptance, consideration, capacity to contract, legal purpose, free consent, and certainty, must all be present for a contract to be considered valid and enforceable by law. As a professional, it is important to ensure that any article on this topic is clear, concise, and informative, using language that can be easily understood by the target audience.